Chapter 7: The Straight Path – Sirat Al-Mustaqim

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Chapter 7: The Straight Path – Sirat Al-Mustaqim[1]

The “Sirat” (Path) in Arabic is called the closest path. The closest path is the straight path and only one. Therefore, in Arabic grammar, we cannot make the “Sirat” plural. Meaning We do not have “Sirats” (Straight paths) in Arabic. For example, recently someone wrote a book called “Straight Paths”, He does not know that it is not possible to have many straight paths. So, the straight path is only one path. The straight path for humans is the way of living or religion that Prophet brought to us. For a path, there must be a destination, which is achieving the perfect human level. The Day of resurrection is the final destination. The question is that where and why the ethic and religion came from? Why do we have to pray two rak’a morning prayers? Why do we have to fast for one month? Why should we not lie or backbite? Why do we have to go to Hajj? Why must we follow obligatory actions of the religion? Are these religious orders agreement between Prophet Muhammad (S) and his nation? or there is a philosophy behind these ethics and actions.

To clarify, suppose you plant an orange kernel in the ground. This orange kernel gradually begins to take root under good weather conditions, then sprouts then stem and then leaves, and eventually bears the flowers and fruits of orange. All the stages of growth from the orange kernel to the fruiting stage are called straight path (the program, and religion of the orange tree). Every orange tree has a plan, for example, the leaves of an orange tree do not become like the leaves of a pomegranate tree, and the orange kernel grows according to its religion and program to evolve. Like the orange tree, man has a plan for evolution, but the difference between the human plan and the orange tree plan is that the human plan, program, and religion is a humanized legislative program to reach its perfection, meaning that man must follow the standard human legislative program with his free will to reach the ultimate goal and perfection. If a man does not move according to the straight path and plan, the human fruit he will pick on the Day of Resurrection will not be human fruit because he followed the plan and path of being a wolf, and finally, he will harvest the wolf fruit in the Day of Resurrection, so people must follow a plan, program or straight path to reach their perfection as human.

The religion of Islam or the lifestyle was not an agreement between Prophet Muhammad (S) and his nation. It is a lifestyle for humans to reach their ultimate perfection. Therefore, no human being, not even the Prophet Muhammad (S), will be able to invent a methodical and religious program of his own. This path and religion must be set by the creator of humans. If we study deeply all the lifestyles or religions that have been invented by man over the years, especially the way of life that has been newly invented by some human beings in recent centuries, we will notice that none of them are complete and valid and failed after a while. It is required to know all the human existence levels (material and immaterial) to define a plan, program, lifestyle, or religion for humans. Wisdom is to know the ultimate goal and perfection of a human before defining the straight path for it. This program and path are received by prophets through revelations and then it is transferred to people. This is called, the straight path, divine religion, or lifestyle of human beings.

The manifestation of the straight path in this world is the perfect human. If we convert straight path to human, it would be the Imam of our time. Since Imam is on the straight path, if we follow him step by step, we will reach our perfections. Prophets know and see the effect of our actions in our Methal world. Based on what we understood, it is wise to follow the Prophet Muhammad (S) step by step, even though we do not know the reasons for the divine commands and the religion of God.

The path is God’s path

In the beginning, Khajeh Tusi said, “The path is God’s Path”. “And verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path (i.e. Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism)”. The Path of Allah, to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth[2] (Ash-Shura:51-52).

Allameh Hassanzadeh said, “The chapter 19 of 11 section of Mula Sadra Asfar book and 81 and 84 notes in 1001 notes book are related to this subject”. “Religion is the arrangement and placement of evolutionary and natural secrets of the path of human perfection, which is expressed according to the plan of creation and the text of truth and reality of the material world by God’s ambassadors who are pure, infallible and the clarifiers of the truths of God’s beautiful Names”.

The truths in the hereafter have a figure in the material world, for example, if we bring death to this world it converts to Salat (prayer), on other words the religious actions are the figures of truths in the material world. Ibn Arabi (great mystic) has a chapter in his book which is called, “the secrets of worship”. In this book, he explains the meanings and truths behind the obligatory and non-obligatory actions in the Islam religion.

Allameh Hassanzadeh said, “If the straight path converts to words, it becomes religion and if religion converts to human, it becomes perfect human or Imam”. This is the reason, Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A) said, “I am the straight path”. Allameh continued, “The straight path is only one path or one truth, so the religion is also one. “Religion with God is Islam[3] (Al-i-Imran:19). The religion which is the path and the perfect human who is the wayfarer are indeed one truth. Indeed, Imam, religion, and straight path are one truth with different manifestation”. This is like an orange tree saying to an orange kernel that I am your religion and path and you should be like me. The Imam says the same thing, except that the orange tree cannot deviate from its path but man, with the authority he has, can be an infidel, believer, or a perfect human. The straight path and religion have been defined by prophets for people to grow and reach their ultimate perfection. Therefore, if people do not follow the straight path or deviate from the divine laws and religion, they become tyrants and oppressors to themselves. “These are the limits of God—whoever oversteps God’s limits has wronged his own soul[4] (Ta-Ha:1).

Allameh Hassanzadeh said, “Rationally Imam is the one who is in the straight path, more precisely, Imam’s existence which is the perfect human is the straight path, the religion, and the God’s path. If someone deviates from the straight path even for a short time, in fact, he has deviated from the divine limits and cannot be an Imam. God says about the characteristics of the Imam, “And (remember) when the Lord of Ibrahim (Abraham) [i.e., Allah] tried him with (certain) Commands, which he fulfilled. He (Allah) said (to him), Verily, I am going to make you an Imam (leader) of mankind.  [Ibrahim (Abraham)] said, “And of my offspring (to make Imam).” (Allah) said, “My Covenant (Imamat degree) includes not Zalimeen (polytheists and wrong-doers)[5] (Al-Baqara:124). Prophet Abraham became Imam in old age (because he asked Imamat degree for his descendants and he had two sons at very old ages) and after prophethood and passing some tests. “Ahd[6] (Covenant) means Imamat rank and degree. Imam cannot be a polytheist and wrongdoer. The Imam must be infallible from any sin and deviation from the divine path throughout his life. Zalimeen[7] (wrongdoer) in Arabic means wrongdoer in the past, present, and future.

It is worth noting that Imam cannot be polytheist in the past, if anyone was a wrongdoer in his lifetime cannot lead the Muslim community as Imam. “Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed” (Luqman:13). Another point is that the Imamat degree is granted by God Almighty and not appointed by the people because God said, “I am going to make you an Imam for mankind” and “My Covenant (Imamat degree) includes not Zalimeen (polytheists and wrong-doers)”. Another point is that the Imam is for mankind (everyone). Some Sunni scholars believe that Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A) was infallible but in general, they do not believe that prophets and caliphs are infallible (the question is if they are wrongdoers why should we follow and trust them?).

Discussion of the existence of Imam

The Day when We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imam[8] (Al-Isra:71).  (Sunni and Shia scholars both narrated in a true hadith, “Whoever dies and does not know the Imam of his time has died the death of ignorance[9].

  • We believe that God created this world.
  • Was there any wisdom behind the creation?  Yes
  • God sent His messengers (prophets) to guide people and implement His wisdom.
  • God revealed the Holy Quran by Prophet Muhammad (S).
  • We know prophecy ended by Prophet Muhammad (S). Who are the guide and the leader after Prophet Muhammad (S)? If there is no one to guide after Prophet Muhammad (S), the wisdom of God will face problems because all were created to guide man.
  • Some people might say that the Prophet brought the Holy Quran to guide human beings. Therefore, The Quran guides human beings after the Prophet.
  • Is the Quran enough to guide human beings alone? Some people may answer that yes, it is enough. Is there anything higher than the word of God (Quran)?
  • If the Quran alone is enough, then what are all the differences between Shia and various Sunni Muslims? What are all these differences in the principles and sub-principles of Islam? All of them argue with the Quran, some say it is right according to the Quranic verses and some say it is not right according to the Quranic verses. Look how some groups killed innocent people in history while they claimed themselves as pure Muslims?
  • The Quran needs an infallible true commentator to say what is the meaning of this verse of the Quran because everyone interprets Islam and Quran in a different way. Who is right? If there is no pure guided true commentator of the Quran, the Quran alone would not be enough to guide human beings. Therefore, God’s wisdom faces some problems to guide mankind.
  • Now that we realized that the Quran alone is not enough to guide mankind. It needs a real pure commentator. The question arises, who is that real commentator? This commentator must exist as long as Quran exists to guide mankind. The Quran commentator must be infallible, meaning, he must not make any mistake or sin, because if he makes a mistake, all people will make mistakes. Can we choose this person among ourselves? The problem is that human beings cannot recognize who is infallible. After the Holy Prophet (S), there must be someone appointed by God and introduced by the Prophet (who was infallible) as the interpreter of the Quran and the Imam for human beings. So, there must be an Imam with Quran every time to guide mankind.
  • The Imam must be elected by God and introduced by the Prophet. People cannot form a council on their own and elect an Imam for other people.

Sheikh Saduq (Shia scholar- 923 AD) said, “We believe that “Sirat” (The Straight Path) is real and it is a bridge over hell that everyone passes. As God says, “There is not one of you but will enter it (Hell); this is with your Lord; a Decree which must be accomplished[10] (Maryam:71). In another interpretation, Sirat (The path) is the name of God’s guardians. People who knew these guardians and obey them, God will grant them the permission of crossing the “Sirat” (the straight path)”.

Based on some Shia and Sunni narration, “The straight path” is Wilayat of Amir Al-Mu’minin. So, “Guide us to the straight path[11] (Al-Fatiha:6) means to guide us to the Wilayat of Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A). Satan said, “He (Satan) said, because you have lured me, I will waylay them on Your straight path” (Al-A’raf:16). Meaning, that Satan will sit and wait for them (human beings) on God’s Straight Path which is Wilayat of Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A). Imam Sadiq (A) said, “Indeed, the devil is clinging to you and our other followers. He has left the others (because they are not on the straight path)”. The Wilayat of Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A) will be manifested in the Hereafter as a bridge over Hell. Whoever has this belief and love of Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A) will have the permission to pass the bridge over the Hell. Why does the love of Imam Ali (A) have this effect? Around 1100 years ago, Shafei (Sunni scholar) wrote a book called “Manaqib Ali ibn Abi-Talib” (Virtues of Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A)). He narrated from Prophet Muhammad (S) that “The headline of the book of deeds of every believer is the love of the Commander of the Faithful Ali (as)”. Because one can cross the straight path that is similar to a perfect human being, and because love is based on similarity, so the one who does not have the love of Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A) will not be allowed to cross the straight path, in other words, Amir Al-Mu’minin is the straight path of humanity.

Allameh Hassanzadeh said, “The following hadith narrated from Imam Ali (A) in Ibn Jumhur Ihsaei book and also from Imam Sadiq (A) in Safi book. The hadith says:

The man who has reached the ultimate perfection is the greatest reason (Hojat) of God

That is the reason Imam Ali (A) said, “I swear to God that He has no sign greater than me”.

This is the book that God wrote with His own hand.

A book is a collection of words, so the perfect human is the collection of existence words. Each creature is a word of existence words of God, The Sky, The Sun, The Moon, and others are a word of God. The perfect human soul is the collection of all truths. Amir Al-Mu’minin said about Prophet Muhammad (S) that, “Lord! This is the First number and possesses immortality; It is your light through which you dominate the darkness and nothingness. You have made him solid proof because of you and towards you and from you. His soul is the copy of oneness in (the world) of divinity, his body in the form of the meanings of material and immaterial worlds, and his heart is the treasury of the immortal God. (He) is the peacock of Magnificent and the dove of Glory”[12]. Everything that is in God’s treasury is in Prophet Muhammad’s (S) heart. The perfect human is the full but compact copy of the whole worlds (material and immaterial). God’s writing is not like us that we write with a pen. Quran says, “For such, He has written Faith in their hearts[13] (Al-Mujadela:22). Prophet Jesus (A) was a word of God. “The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, is the Messenger of God, and His Word that He conveyed to Mary[14] (An-Nisa:171). The perfect human is the complete word of God. We know that a speaker reveals the meanings within himself through words. So, God’s words are the appearances of God’s beautiful Names and Attributes. Every creature shows in a way God’s perfect attributes. The thing that shows all the perfect attributes of God is the perfect human. God said to Satan, “(Allah) said: O Iblis (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands?[15] (Sad:75). As discussed, many times, God has hands but not like us. In one interpretation, God says that I created the perfect human by my hand without an intermediary. (In chapter 2 we discussed that God’s hands in one interpretation are the Glory and the Beauty Names of God).

This is the body that was made by His Wisdom. He (The perfect man) is the collection of truths of all worlds.

Allameh Hassanzadeh in his book “Itihad Aqil wa Ma’qul” (The unity of perceiver and perceived) said that humans can reach the level that all the worlds become like their body parts. If we extend the reality of a perfect human, it becomes all worlds.

He is the summary of Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz[16] (The Preserved Tablet).

The creature that receives grace is called “Lauh” (Tablet). What is Preserved Tablet? Do we have an unpreserved tablet? Preserved Tablet is the one that is non-changeable. “There is no alteration to the words of God[17] (Yunus:64). The protected disk or preserved tablet is out of the order of time because it would change if it were within the time domain. The principle of all beings is preserved in this tablet and from that, they appear in the time domain. Time-dependent objects will be re-written. “This Book of Ours speaks against you in truth. We have been transcribing what you have been doing[18] (Al-Jathiya:29).

Hussain ibn Bashar said, “I asked Imam Reza (A) whether God knows what did not exist, what it was like if it existed, or whether He only knows what it is when it exists!”. Imam replied, “God Almighty is aware of things before they exist, God Almighty said, “We have been transcribing (duplicating) what you have been doing”.

Abd al-Rahim Qusayr said, “I asked Imam Sadiq (A) about the verse of the Holy Quran, “We have been transcribing (duplicating) what you have been doing”. He said, “Indeed, God created the “Qalam” (Pen) from a tree in Paradise called “Khuld” (Eternity). Then He said to a stream from heaven, be “Medad” (ink) and that stream closed, and it was whiter than snow and sweeter than honey. Then He said to the Pen, “Write”! Pen said, “Lord, what shall I write?” God said, “Write what it was and what it will be until the Day of Judgment”. Then the Pen wrote on “Raq” (paper) whiter than silver and purer than ruby, after a while, God piped it and placed it in the pillar of “Arsh” the throne, after a while He sealed the beads of the Pen and He did not speak and He will never speak, and this is the “Preserved Book” from which all copies are from. Aren’t you Arab? How can you not understand the meaning of the word “Istinsakh” (transcribing or copying)? One of you says to his friend, “copy this book”. Isn’t it true that the copy is from another book and the original book is the source? God says, “We have been transcribing (duplicating) what you have been doing”.

This might be the one that physicist calls “space-time”. So, the copy is written by angels which is the same as Preserved Book. This means truths descend and then ascend as a copy that exists in the preserved book. There is another book which is called “Mahw wa Isbat”[19] (Extinction and Appearance). This means, that the shape of the bud must be destroyed to have a fruit. Things are changing moment by moment. We are returning to God moment by moment. “To God, we belong, and to Him, we will return[20] (Al-Baqara:156). Therefore, this world is the world of vanishing and appearing. One thing vanishes and new things appear moment by moment. Unlike the Preserved Book which is not changeable. It is important to know that when we pray that danger and calamity will be averted from us is itself one of the divine destinies. Meaning it is also written in the Preserved Book. So, we understand the meaning of the sentence that says, “the perfect human is the summary of this preserved book”.

He is the witness to any absence.

So, nothing is hidden for Imam. “Your companion is not Majnun[21] (At-Takwir:22). The root of “Majnun” is “Jin” meaning covert. So, one meaning of the verse would be that “Your companion is not covert (of secrets)”. One day, the camel of the Messenger of God (Prophet Muhammad (S)) was lost. The hypocrites mocked him and said, He informs us of the secrets of the heavens but he does not know where his camel is! When this sarcastic word reached the Prophet, he said, “All the news that I say from the heavens is from God and God has informed me of all the secrets”. Then he told them the place of the camel and said, “His reins are stuck in a tree” They went and found the camel as the Prophet had said. It is not supposed to utter everything to the people. The Prophets and Imams are like other humans but they are in direct connection with preserved book or in another world their soul is the preserved book. Imam Sadiq told Mofazal (one of his followers) that “your Imam knows the number of stars in the Sky. Your Imam knows the weight of the mountains. Your Imam knows the number of pebbles. Your Imam knows the amount of water on the ground. “With Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except He. And He knows everything on land and in the sea. Not a leaf falls but He knows it, and there is not a single grain in the darkness of the earth, nor is there anything wet or dry, but is in a “Kitab Mubeen” Clear Book[22] (Al-An’am:59). The Clear Book is the inner of the Imam. So, nothing is hidden for Imam.

He is the reason for all those who deny God. He is the direct “Tariq” (path) to all goodness

Ibn Arabi said, “The greatest reason for deniers is Prophet Muhammad (S)”. The root of Tariq is from Taraq, meaning hitting. When a person walks on the path, Arab call him, “Taariq” but Arab call the path “Tariq”. Imam is “Tariq” (path). When we go on a spiritual journey, we walk on the path, meaning in the spiritual journey we are passing the spiritual level of the Prophet.

He is the bridge between heaven and hell.

Meaning Imam is the straight path.

At the beginning of the chapter, Khajeh Tusi said, “The path is God’s Path”. Do we have a path that is not God’s path? Each creature is a manifestation of God’s Name. Each creature has a path towards its Lord and is moving on the same path or religion. The “Ma’ad”[23] (Resurrection) is a return to this Lord. “Ma’ad” rooted from “Aud”[24] means to return. If its origin is from heaven, his return will be to heaven, and if its origin is from hell, his return will be to hell. So, “Ma’ad” (Return – Resurrection) to hell is also possible. God says, “We have created (destined) for Hell multitudes of jinn and humans[25] (Al-A’raf:179). So, every creature has a path on which it moves. All these movements are based on divine attraction. “There is not a moving (living) creature but He has a grasp of its forelock. (Prophet Hud (A) said) Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path[26] (Hud:56). So, each creature moves in its own path. One may ask, what is the Straight Path if this is the case? This is the Path of the Name of Allah but the others are the Path of other Names of God. Allah is a comprehensive Name of God which includes all other Names of God. One might travel on the Name of the Guide[27] path and one might travel on the Name of Misguide[28] path. The Straight Path is the Allah Path. “And verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path. (52) The Path of Allah, to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. Verily, all the matters at the end go to Allah (53)[29] (Ash-Shura:52-53). (Refer to the discussion of the Name of God in the Islamic mystic view).

The Straight Path is narrower than hair and sharper than a sword

“Khajeh Tusi said, “The Straight Path is narrower than hair and sharper than a sword”[30] (This is a narration from Imam Baqir (A)). Its narrowness is because, with a slight deviation towards either side of the path, it will cause destruction. “And incline not toward those who do wrong, lest the Fire should touch you[31] (Hud:113). And the sharpness of the straight path is in the sense that opposition to it also causes destruction. Whoever stands on him, split him in two”.

Allameh Hassanzadeh said, “Man builds himself through knowledge and action. This way of making is called “Sirat” (Path). Suppose someone gives you a block of wood and says you make a human sculpture out of this wood by shaving. The way and method of shaving the human sculpture is called its straight path. First, we must have the knowledge, and second, we must do it according to knowledge by our power. The higher the human knowledge, the more existential the human soul becomes. We must be very careful in acquiring and learning the true knowledge to find the truth of knowledge and build ourselves according to it. That is the reason it said that it is narrower than hair. Our actions make our bodies in the Hereafter. Just as one should be very careful in acquiring knowledge, one should be very careful in actions so that we are far from over-indulgence and under-indulgence. We have many verses in the Holy Quran that speak of extremism. “And those who (worshiper of God), when they spend, are neither wasteful nor stingy but choose a middle course between that[32] (Al-Furqan:67). “And let not your hand be tied (like a miser) to your neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach (like a spendthrift), so that you become blameworthy and in severe poverty[33] (Al-Isra:29).

And incline not toward those who do wrong, lest the Fire should touch you” (Hud:113). Allameh Hassanzadeh explains this verse, “Incline towards wrongdoing is equal to touching fire but if this continues it will cause the wrongdoer to be surrendered by fire. “They urge you to hasten the punishment. But Hell is engulfing the disbelievers” (Al-Ankabut:54). Hell is of the world type and the root of the hell is this world and its constituent materials of hell are attachments of the human soul to worldly affairs”.

Meaning, do not tend to human beings who have wronged themselves by loving these worldly affairs. If we incline a little towards these people, the fire touch you. Similarly, if we are inclined toward guardians of God, heaven touches us. “He (Quaroon) said, “I was given all this on account of knowledge I possess.” Did he not know that God destroyed many generations before him, who were stronger than he, and possessed greater riches? But the guilty will not be asked about their sins. (78) And he went out before his people in his splendor. Those who desired the worldly life said, “If only we possessed the likes of what Quaroon was given. He is indeed very fortunate.” (79) But those who were given knowledge said, “Woe to you! The reward of God is better for those who believe and do righteous deeds.” Yet none attains it except the steadfast. (80) So, We caused the earth to cave in on him and his mansion. He had no company to save him from God, and he could not defend himself. (81) Those who had wished they were in his position the day before were saying, “Indeed, it is God who spreads the bounty to whomever He wills of His servants and restricts it. Had God not been gracious to us, He would have caved in on us. No wonder the ungrateful never prosper[34] (Al-Qasas:78-82). Some people inclined to Quaroon and fire touched them without seeing that. If someone follows Quaroon a little or fully they will be gathered respectively with him in the hereafter. “You will see the people drunk, even though they are not drunk—but the punishment of God is severe[35] (Al-Hajj:2). Wise Loqman said, “This world is a deep sea in which most people drown. So, build a ship from “Taqwa” (Piety-righteous), stuffing it with faith, and sail with “Tawakul” (put your trust in Allah) then you might be saved. Have you seen a baby who drinks breast milk for two years? It is very hard to separate him/her from it? Now, can you imagine how hard it is to separate us from the love of this world while we enjoyed this world for many years! If a person thinks deeply and practices this for a while so that he does not fall in love with this worldly life, his soul will be cleansed and he will understand some truths. For example, if you sit at a party with someone who is constantly talking about car, money, house, and worldly affairs, you will feel the touch of fire. That is why those who turn to God slowly will try to turn away from people. Allameh Hassanzadeh says, “O God, blessed are those who have neither the grief of a goat nor the grief of a baby goat”. Of course, having a good car, having money, and having a good house is not bad, it is the love of the “Dunia” worldly life which is bad and it is to be negligent to God. Prophet Jesus said, “The world is like a bridge that we all go through”. Having money is not bad but being in love with money is bad. “That you may not sorrow over what eludes you, nor exult over what He has given you. God does not love the proud snob[36] (Al-Hadid:23). Amir Al-Mu’minin said in Nahj Al-Balaqa, “Look at the world as the people who are reluctant to the world”. If we look at the world this way, the world cannot deceive us. When a very expensive and luxurious car passes us, we should not look at it with regret and attachment. Repeat to yourself that I am the follower of Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A) who divorced the world, so look at the worldly life like those who are disinterested in the world. This world is very colorful. Someone said that in a dream I saw the world like a woman who was beautiful from behind, but when she turned her face towards me, she was very ugly.  When we do not have money, a beautiful house, or a luxurious car, we see them as beautiful things but when we acquire them, we see that these things did not truly make us happy and calm.

Our hearts must not be attached to this world. For example, if someone tells you that right now, if you go to the bank on the end of the street, they will give you a million dollars. Many of you may leave the class and leave me alone with this tape recorder. Do not laugh, this is the verse of the Holy Quran which says, “Yet whenever they come across some business or some entertainment, they scramble towards it, and leave you standing. Say, “What is with God is better than entertainment and business, and God is the Best of providers[37] (Al-Jumu’a:11). Someone has to say on this subject that he himself is not from the world, that if he says from the bottom of his heart, you will all cry. But when I tell you this while I am in love with this world, you laugh. (Translator: This is not what we have seen from you). The attachment and love of this world manifest in the hereafter as the figures that bother us. People asked Prophet Jesus (A), “Teach us only one thing to do for which God would love us. He replied, “Be the enemy of the world to be loved by God”. All the sins and injustices you see now around the world are for the love of the world that everyone will leave sooner or later. Prophet Jesus (A) saw the world as a woman. He asked the woman, “How many husbands have you had so far, and where are they now?” She said, “I married a large number of people and killed them all”. Prophet Jesus (A) said, “Woe to those who will be your future husband”.

The Straight Path is a bridge that goes through hell

Khajeh Tusi (RA) said, “Those who do not have faith will fall into hell from the bridge (Straight Path) in the Hereafter”. “But those who do not believe in the Hereafter are swerving from the path[38] (Al-Mu’minum:74)”.

Allameh Hassanzadeh said, “In the above verse, “Nakib” is the nominative case which refers to present tense. Meaning that they are deviating from the straight path right now. So, pay attention carefully to what the path is. “And verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path. (52) The Path of Allah, to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. Verily, all the matters at the end go to Allah (53)”  (Ash-Shura:52-53). “And that you shall worship Me? This is a straight path[39] (Ya-Sin:61). “Guide us to the straight path. (6) The path of those You have blessed[40] (Al-Fatiha:6-7). Those who have been blessed are introduced in another verse of the Holy Quran in Sura Maryam from verse 1 until God says, “These are some of the prophets God has blessed, from the descendants of Adam, and from those We carried with Noah, and from the descendants of Abraham and Israel, and from those We guided and selected. Whenever the revelations of the Most Gracious are recited to them, they would fall down, prostrating and weeping[41] (Maryam:58). Then God says, “Whoever obeys God and the Messenger—these are with those whom God has blessed—among the prophets, and Sidiqqun (the sincere), and Shuhada (the martyrs), and Salihun (the upright). Excellent are those as companions[42] (An-Nisa:69).

We said many times that the Hereafter is the inner of this worldly life and this worldly life is the outer of the Hereafter. The truths of the Hereafter are covered by material shapes in this world. As God says, “Worship me as this is the straight path”. What is meant by worshipping God? A narration from Prophet Muhammad (S) says, “Sura Hud made me old”. “So be upright, as you are commanded, along with those who repented with you, and do not transgress. He is Seeing of everything you do[43] (Hud:112). What is God’s command? “He has commanded that you worship none but Him[44] (Yusuf:40). What is the meaning of worship? Is it just prostrating and doing daily prayer? Imam Hussain (A) said, “People are the slaves of the worldly life”.

Humans are the worshipers of those who they consider effective, for example, when we consider the doctor to be the cause of our well-being, we are the servant of the doctor and worship him, or if we consider the head of the department to be the cause of our salary, we are his slave and worshipper. While we say, “There is no motion and power except with God[45]. A man should not consider any creature as independent, or in other words, there is no creature that is effective in existence. “And yet, instead of Him, they take for themselves gods that create nothing, but are themselves created; that have no power to harm or benefit themselves; and no power over life, death, or resurrection[46] (Al-Furqan:3). “Say, “I have no power to harm or benefit myself, except as God wills[47] (Yunus:49). So, the doctor, the boss, and other things have no ability to harm or benefit others (including themselves) except as God’s will.

Another type of worship is obedience to other things. God says, “Have you seen him who chose his desire as his god?[48] (Al-Furqan:43). Because he was obedient to his desire. Imam Javad (A) said, “If a person listens to the lecture of another person with all his heart, he has become his servant. If the speaker speaks on behalf of God, he has become a servant of God, and if the speaker speaks on behalf of Satan, he has become a servant of Satan. Now see what Quran says, “Say, it is not for me to change it of my own desire. I only follow what is revealed to me. I fear if I disobeyed my Lord, the torment of a terrible Day[49] (Yunus:210). Meaning that Prophet Muhammad (S) was not obedient to anything other than God. He was only worshiping God; He was the servant of only God (From here we can prove that Prophet Muhammad (S) was infallible also). The other verse of the Holy Quran says, “They have taken their rabbis and their priests as lords instead of God[50] (A-Tawba:191). Allameh Hassanzadeh said they were not prostrating for their rabbis and priests but listening to their lectures by their heart and accepting them. They would still be obedient to them even if it was against God’s order. So, we have two types of “Shirk” (polytheism): one considers others independent and effective and the second is obedience by following others, including the desires.

Did I not covenant with you, O Children of Adam, that you shall not serve the Satan? That he is your sworn enemy?[51] (Ya-Sin:60). Who is the worshiper of Satan? Whoever follows other people’s desires. We need to know God as the only real identity that is effective in existence and we all must worship Him. “It is You we worship, and upon You we call for help[52] (Al-Fatiha:5). We recite this verse of the Holy Quran many times in our daily prayers. “It is You we worship, and upon You we call for help”. Are we really like that? Are we telling the truth? Seeking help and considering others independently effectively is “Shirk”.

So be upright, as you are commanded, along with those who repented with you, and do not transgress. He is Seeing of everything you do”  (Hud:112). Ayat Allah Shah Abadi said, “The reason Prophet Muhammad (S) said that this verse made me old is because of the second part of the verse which says, “Along with those who repented with you”. Meaning that Prophet Muhammad (S) must be upright with those who repented with him. This caused Prophet Muhammad (S) to say that “This verse made me old”. So, the straight path is to worship only God.

The question is who is on the Straight Path? Who are the real worshipers? In the Sura Al-Fatiha which we recite 34 times daily, we say, “Guide us to the straight path. (6) The path of those You have blessed” (Al-Fatiha:6-7). So, the Straight Path is the path of those God has blessed. In many narrations, we have that “Ana’m”[53] (bless) is “Wilayat”. Who are the blessed people that are on the Straight Path? “These are some of the prophets God has blessed, from the descendants of Adam, and from those We carried with Noah, and from the descendants of Abraham and Israel, and from those We guided and selected. Whenever the revelations of the Most Gracious are recited to them, they would fall down, prostrating and weeping”  (Maryam:58). Then God says, “Whoever obeys God and the Messenger—these are with those whom God has blessed—among the prophets, and Sidiqqun (the honest), and Shuhada (the martyrs), and Salihun (the upright). Excellent are those as companions”  (An-Nisa:69).

The first group who are on the Straight Path are Prophets, these are the people who have the dignity of infallibility. The second groups are “Sidiqqun”[54] (The honest people). A “Siddiq” (honest) person is one whose inner acknowledges (confirms) his outer and vice versa. Prophet Muhammad (S) said, “whoever’s inner is different than his outer is “Munafiq”[55] (hypocrite)”. Meaning whenever we say, “La Ilah Illa Allah” (There is no God except Allah), our inners also say and believe it. So, we should not do any action except for God’s sake and we should not have any hope except by Allah. The third groups that are in the Straight Path are “Shuhada”[56] (Martyrs). One type of “Shahid” (Martyrs) are the ones who give their lives for God’s sake in “Jihad Asqar”[57] (small fight / small struggle). The other type of “Shahid” (Martyrs) are the ones who leave everything behind for God’s Sake in “Jihad Akbar” (great fight / great struggle). The fourth group is “Salihun” (upright, people who do right deeds). These people first make their intentions, beliefs, actions, and attributes pure for God’s sake and then help others to do so.

If we notice in the above verse, there are also other people who are on the straight path, “Whoever obeys God and the Messenger—these are with those whom God has blessed”. What does it mean to obey God and His Messenger? Or what does emigrating to God and His Messenger mean? “Anyone who leaves his home, emigrating to God and His Messenger[58] (An-Nisa:100). In one interpretation, obeying God means obeying the Quran, and obeying His Messenger means obeying Prophet Muhammad’s (S) traditions and practices. Another note is that God’s and the Prophet’s orders are not different.

Allameh Hassanzadeh has a poem that says,

With “In the Name of God the Gracious, the Merciful”, the intellect is on the straight path.

We explained many narrations from our Imams that how important is intellect and also explained that this world is the manifestation of the intellect world and our intellect is a ray of the complete intellect. Since the intellect is on the straight path then whatever it says is true. “And inspired it with its wickedness and its righteousness[59] (Ash-Shams:8). If we look at people in different parts of the world, we see that every nation has a hero who is brave, just, powerful, righteous, wise, kind, and has all good attributes. This shows that human nature loves these traits.

There is a fight between desire and intellect

Intellect is on the straight path but desire is hindering. One might say if our intellect knows the right and bad, why do we need prophets? Yes, the intellect knows right or wrong, but the problem is that intellect is holistic and cannot understand the details of things. Sometimes desires dominate the intellect and the person has no clue which one is right. So, prophets came to tell us that our intellect is correct and also help us on the detail matters. They help our intellect to overcome our desires and keep us on the straight path.

Your worst enemies are your desires, The desires always need more like hell

Hell says, “On the Day when We will say to Hell, “Are you full?” And it will say, Are there any more?[60] (Qaf:30). Prophet Muhammad (S) said, “Two groups of people will not be satisfied, one is those who love the worldly life and the second is those who love knowledge.

Don’t you see the light is singular in the Holy Quran but darkness is plural, O wise man

We do not have lights in the Holy Quran but we have darknesses. The darknesses indicate multiplicities.  “God is the Lord of those who believe; He brings them out of darknesses and into the light. As for those who disbelieve, their lords are the evil ones; they bring them out of the light and into darknesses[61] (Al-Baqara:257). But light is like prophets no distinction between them, “Say, we believe in God, and in what was revealed to us, and in what was revealed to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Patriarchs; and in what was given to Moses, and Jesus, and the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him, we submit[62] (Al-i-Imran:84).

This is to make you aware that there is only one true path to Allah. This is the light that guides.

Narration said, “Imam is the light”.

The Path of Allah is you, be very careful and keep yourself on the true path.

Those who prefer the present life to the Hereafter, and repel from the path of God, and seek to make it crooked—these are far astray[63] (Ibrahim:3). Meaning they are crooked themselves (their Nafs) because if they stay on the path, they will be on the straight path.

God also is on the straight path. The path of the Lord is a great secret.

My Lord is on a straight path[64] (Hud:56). Lord of Prophet Muhammad (S) is on the straight path. God says, “And that to your Lord is the finality” (An-Najm:42). “Surely! Unto your Lord is the return[65] (Al-Alaq:8).

In fact, God is the Path, this is absolute truth.

There is no way out of God. A true mystic sees unity in multiplicity and multiplicity in unity. This is true Quranic monotheism. “He is the First and the Last, and the Outer and the Inner, and He has knowledge of all things[66] (Al-Hadid: 3). (See monotheism discussion of Allameh Hassanzadeh).

Khajeh Tusi then finishes chapter 7 with the following sentences,

“The right and left of the straight path are laps and slide. But heaven is on the right side and hell is on the left side for “A’raf” (true mystic). Both are God’s Merciful hands”. Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A) said, “When the mystic passed away, neither the “Saeiq”[67] (driver) nor the “Shahid”[68] (martyr) will find him on the Day of Resurrection, nor the “Rizwan”[69] (The gatekeeper of heaven) in Paradise, nor “Khazin”[70] (the owner of the hell) in Hell. Someone asked where “A’rif”[71] (Mystic) is sitting? Imam said, “In an assembly of virtue, in the presence of an Omnipotent King[72] (Al-Qamar:55).

All praise is to God to the extent that He deserves it.                                            


[1] -صراط المستقیم

[2] -وَإِنَّكَ لَتَهْدِي إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ ‎﴿٥٢﴾‏ صِرَاطِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ

[3] -إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ اللَّهِ الْإِسْلَامُ

[4] -وَتِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَمَن يَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ ظَلَمَ نَفْسَهُ

[5] -وَإِذِ ابْتَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ

[6] -عَهْدِ

[7] -الظَّالِمِينَ

[8] -يَوْمَ نَدْعُو كُلَّ أُنَاسٍ بِإِمَامِهِمْ

[9] -مَنْ ماتَ وَ لَمْ يَعْرِفْ إمامَ زَمانِهِ مَاتَ مِيتَةً جَاهِلِيَّة

[10] -وَإِن مِّنكُمْ إِلَّا وَارِدُهَا ۚ كَانَ عَلَىٰ رَبِّكَ حَتْمًا مَّقْضِيًّا

[11] -اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

[12] -اَللّهُمَّ هَذَا اَوَّلُ الْعَدَدِ وَ صَاحِبُ الاَبَدِ، نُورُكَ الَّذِي قَهَرْتَ بِهِ غَوَاسِقَ الظُّلَمِ وَ بَوَاسِقَ الْعَدَمِ وَ جَعَلْتَهُ بِكَ وَ مِنْكَ وَ اِلَيْكَ وَ عَلَيْكَ دالاًّ دَلِيلاً. رُوحُهُ نُسْخَةُ الاَحَدِيَّةِ فِي اللاّهُوتِ وَ جَسَدُهُ صُورَةُ مَعانِي الْمُلكِ وَالْمَلَكُوتِ وَ قَلْبُهُ خَزانَةُ الْحَيِّ الَّذِي لايَمُوتُ، طاوُسُ الْكِبْرِيا وَ حَمامُ الْجَبَروُتِ.

[13] -أُولَٰئِكَ كَتَبَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْإِيمَانَ

[14] -إِنَّمَا الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَكَلِمَتُهُ أَلْقَاهَا إِلَىٰ مَرْيَمَ

[15] -قَالَ يَا إِبْلِيسُ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَن تَسْجُدَ لِمَا خَلَقْتُ بِيَدَيَّ

[16] -فِي لَوْحٍ مَّحْفُوظٍ ‎﴿٢٢﴾‏  سورة البروج

[17] -لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ

[18] -هَٰذَا كِتَابُنَا يَنطِقُ عَلَيْكُم بِالْحَقِّ ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا نَسْتَنسِخُ مَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

[19] -نحو و اثبات

[20] -إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ

[21] -وَمَا صَاحِبُكُم بِمَجْنُونٍ

[22] -وَعِندَهُ مَفَاتِحُ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْلَمُهَا إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ۚ وَمَا تَسْقُطُ مِن وَرَقَةٍ إِلَّا يَعْلَمُهَا وَلَا حَبَّةٍ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْأَرْضِ وَلَا رَطْبٍ وَلَا يَابِسٍ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ

[23] -معاد

[24] -عود

[25] -وَلَقَدْ ذَرَأْنَا لِجَهَنَّمَ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنسِ

[26] -مَّا مِن دَابَّةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ آخِذٌ بِنَاصِيَتِهَا ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

[27] -الهادی

[28] -المضل

[29] -وَإِنَّكَ لَتَهْدِي إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ ‎﴿٥٢﴾‏ صِرَاطِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ أَلَا إِلَى اللَّهِ تَصِيرُ الْأُمُورُ ‎﴿٥٣﴾

[30] -أَدَقَ‏ مِنَ‏ الشَّعْرَةِ وَ أَحَدَّ مِنَ السَّیْف

[31] -وَلَا تَرْكَنُوا إِلَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا فَتَمَسَّكُمُ النَّارُ

[32] -وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ قَوَامًا

[33] -وَلَا تَجْعَلْ يَدَكَ مَغْلُولَةً إِلَىٰ عُنُقِكَ وَلَا تَبْسُطْهَا كُلَّ الْبَسْطِ فَتَقْعُدَ مَلُومًا مَّحْسُورًا

[34] -قَالَ إِنَّمَا أُوتِيتُهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ عِندِي ۚ أَوَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ أَهْلَكَ مِن قَبْلِهِ مِنَ الْقُرُونِ مَنْ هُوَ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُ قُوَّةً وَأَكْثَرُ جَمْعًا ۚ وَلَا يُسْأَلُ عَن ذُنُوبِهِمُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ ‎﴿٧٨﴾‏ فَخَرَجَ عَلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ فِي زِينَتِهِ ۖ قَالَ الَّذِينَ يُرِيدُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا يَا لَيْتَ لَنَا مِثْلَ مَا أُوتِيَ قَارُونُ إِنَّهُ لَذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ ‎﴿٧٩﴾‏ وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ وَيْلَكُمْ ثَوَابُ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ لِّمَنْ آمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَلَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا الصَّابِرُونَ ‎﴿٨٠﴾‏ فَخَسَفْنَا بِهِ وَبِدَارِهِ الْأَرْضَ فَمَا كَانَ لَهُ مِن فِئَةٍ يَنصُرُونَهُ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُنتَصِرِينَ ‎﴿٨١﴾‏ وَأَصْبَحَ الَّذِينَ تَمَنَّوْا مَكَانَهُ بِالْأَمْسِ يَقُولُونَ وَيْكَأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَقْدِرُ ۖ لَوْلَا أَن مَّنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْنَا لَخَسَفَ بِنَا ۖ وَيْكَأَنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الْكَافِرُونَ ‎﴿٨٢﴾

[35] -وَتَرَى النَّاسَ سُكَارَىٰ وَمَا هُم بِسُكَارَىٰ وَلَٰكِنَّ عَذَابَ اللَّهِ شَدِيدٌ

[36] -لِّكَيْلَا تَأْسَوْا عَلَىٰ مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا تَفْرَحُوا بِمَا آتَاكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ

[37] -وَإِذَا رَأَوْا تِجَارَةً أَوْ لَهْوًا انفَضُّوا إِلَيْهَا وَتَرَكُوكَ قَائِمًا ۚ قُلْ مَا عِندَ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ مِّنَ اللَّهْوِ وَمِنَ التِّجَارَةِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ

[38] -وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ عَنِ الصِّرَاطِ لَنَاكِبُونَ

[39] -وَأَنِ اعْبُدُونِي ۚ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيمٌ

[40] -اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ ‎﴿٦﴾‏ صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ

[41] -أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ مِن ذُرِّيَّةِ آدَمَ وَمِمَّنْ حَمَلْنَا مَعَ نُوحٍ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْرَائِيلَ وَمِمَّنْ هَدَيْنَا وَاجْتَبَيْنَا ۚ إِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُ الرَّحْمَٰنِ خَرُّوا سُجَّدًا وَبُكِيًّا

[42] -وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ ۚ وَحَسُنَ أُولَٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا

[43] -فَاسْتَقِمْ كَمَا أُمِرْتَ وَمَن تَابَ مَعَكَ وَلَا تَطْغَوْا ۚ إِنَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ

[44] -أَمَرَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ

[45] -لا حول و لا قوة الا بالله

[46] -وَاتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِهِ آلِهَةً لَّا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ وَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ لِأَنفُسِهِمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا وَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ مَوْتًا وَلَا حَيَاةً وَلَا نُشُورًا

[47] -قُل لَّا أَمْلِكُ لِنَفْسِي ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّ

[48] -أَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ

[49] -قُلْ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أُبَدِّلَهُ مِن تِلْقَاءِ نَفْسِي ۖ إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ ۖ إِنِّي أَخَافُ إِنْ عَصَيْتُ رَبِّي عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ

[50] -اتَّخَذُوا أَحْبَارَهُمْ وَرُهْبَانَهُمْ أَرْبَابًا مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ

[51] -أَلَمْ أَعْهَدْ إِلَيْكُمْ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ أَن لَّا تَعْبُدُوا الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

[52] -إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

[53] -انعم

[54] -صدیقون

[55] -منافق

[56] -شهدا – شهید

[57] -جهاد اصغر

[58] -وَمَن يَخْرُجْ مِن بَيْتِهِ مُهَاجِرًا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ

[59] -فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا

[60] -يَوْمَ نَقُولُ لِجَهَنَّمَ هَلِ امْتَلَأْتِ وَتَقُولُ هَلْ مِن مَّزِيدٍ

[61] -اللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يُخْرِجُهُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَوْلِيَاؤُهُمُ الطَّاغُوتُ يُخْرِجُونَهُم مِّنَ النُّورِ إِلَى الظُّلُمَاتِ

[62] -قُلْ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَالنَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

[63] -الَّذِينَ يَسْتَحِبُّونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى الْآخِرَةِ وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَيَبْغُونَهَا عِوَجًا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ فِي ضَلَالٍ بَعِيدٍ

[64] -إِنَّ رَبِّي عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

[65] -إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَىٰ

[66] -هُوَ الْأَوَّلُ وَالْآخِرُ وَالظَّاهِرُ وَالْبَاطِنُ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

[67] -سائق

[68] -شهید

[69] -رضوان

[70] -خازن

[71] -عارف

[72] -فِي مَقْعَدِ صِدْقٍ عِندَ مَلِيكٍ مُّقْتَدِرٍ

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