Interpretation of Sura Maryam (Mary) 6:10
Interpretation of Sura Maryam (Mary) 6:10
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ یَرِثُنِی وَیَرِثُ مِنْ آلِ یَعْقُوبَ ۖ وَاجْعَلْهُ رَبِّ رَضِیًّا ﴿۶﴾ یَا زَکَرِیَّا إِنَّا نُبَشِّرُکَ بِغُلَامٍ اسْمُهُ یَحْیَىٰ لَمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُ مِن قَبْلُ سَمِیًّا ﴿٧﴾ قَالَ رَبِّ أَنَّىٰ یَکُونُ لِی غُلَامٌ وَکَانَتِ امْرَأَتِی عَاقِرًا وَقَدْ بَلَغْتُ مِنَ الْکِبَرِ عِتِیًّا ﴿٨﴾ قَالَ کَذَٰلِکَ قَالَ رَبُّکَ هُوَ عَلَیَّ هَیِّنٌ وَقَدْ خَلَقْتُکَ مِن قَبْلُ وَلَمْ تَکُ شَیْئًا ﴿٩﴾ قَالَ رَبِّ اجْعَل لِّی آیَهً ۚ قَالَ آیَتُکَ أَلَّا تُکَلِّمَ النَّاسَ ثَلَاثَ لَیَالٍ سَوِیًّا ﴿١٠﴾
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
Who will be my heir and an heir to the House of Jacob, and make him, my Lord, satisfied’ (6) ‘O Zachariah, We give you good tidings of a son, and he shall be called John (Yahya); a name We have never given before’ (7) ‘How shall I have a son, Lord’ he asked, ‘when my wife is barren, and I am advanced in age, dried out’ (8) He replied: ‘It shall be so’; your Lord says: “It is easy for Me, indeed, I created you before time when you were not a thing.” (9) He (Zachariah) said: ‘Lord, make for me a sign’ He replied: ‘Your sign is that you shall not speak to people for three nights being without fault’ (10)
When the Amir Al-Mu’minin Ali (A) was upset about something, he raised his head to the sky and said:
“Kaaf-Ha-Ya-‘aeen-Saad; I seek refuge in You from the sins that destroy the blessings; I seek refuge in You from the sins that are wanted by my enemies. I seek refuge in You from the sins that the prevent the rain from heaven”.
Mystic Ibn Arabi said, “it is a prayer (Dua) that is experienced”.
What was Prophet Zachariah afraid of his Mawali (relatives) in Verse 5? He was afraid of dispute after him. “Had your Lord wished, He would have made mankind one community; but they continue to dispute, (118) except those whom your Lord has mercy on—and that is why He created them—and the word of your Lord has been fulfilled: ‘I will surely fill hell with jinn and humans, all together!’”(119)
The root of the differences between humans are two things, either ignorance or the selfishness. God mentioned an exception in the above verse, “except he who has mercy on your Lord, then that person is neither ignorant nor selfish“.
Prophet Zachariah was afraid of their (relatives’) dispute, He was thinking that as long as I am with them, I am the Imam and have the authority over them, but when I pass away ” O Lord, Grant me a Wali (successor)” who has your mercy and free from ignorance and selfishness”.
يَرِثُنِي وَيَرِثُ مِنْ آلِ يَعْقُوبَ ۖ وَاجْعَلْهُ رَبِّ رَضِيًّا ﴿٦﴾
who will be my heir and an heir to the House of Jacob, and make him, my Lord, satisfied’ (6)
This verse clearly indicates that it is possible to inherit from prophets. Prophet Zachariah wanted an heir who is Wali (successor) such that he become his heir and the heir of Jacob family. This includes both personal belongings and spiritual inheritance. Prophet Zachariah also asked, “Grant him (Wali) satisfaction for what you decided for him in the difficulties that will happen”. Allameh Tabatabaei in Tafsir of Quran (Al-Mizan Book) explained this subject in detail.
يَا زَكَرِيَّا إِنَّا نُبَشِّرُكَ بِغُلَامٍ اسْمُهُ يَحْيَىٰ لَمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُ مِن قَبْلُ سَمِيًّا ﴿٧﴾
‘O Zachariah, We give you good tidings of a son, and he shall be called John (Yahya); a name We have never given before’ (7)
In Quran, the names of 27 Prophets are mentioned and there are only a few Prophets whose names are called by God in the revelation. Most of this communication is related to Prophet Moses because his name is referred as “Kalim o Allah”.
“Qulam” in Arabic means a boy, his name is Yahya (John), a name We have never given before.
Is it God who names everyone or this grant is only for special people? According to the narration from Imam (A), “on the Day of Resurrection, people will be called by the name of their mother, except our followers, who will be called by the name of their father?” Why is that?
Another narration said, “believers are brothers together from their parents, their mother is mercy, and their father is light, God calls people by the name of their mother out of mercy, but our followers will be called by their light because their father is light, and this is the light of the Guardianship (Welayat). “The Day (will surely come) when you shall see believing men and women with their light running before them on their right hands“(Al-Hadid:12).
On the Day of Judgment, some people might be called by a name that is not his worldly name. for example, a tradition says, “One who learns for God and acts for God and teaches others for God, the angels of God call him “Azim” (the great).
The name of Yahya (John) was not mentioned in the children of Israel. It is strange that Yahya (John), who his name rooted from alive, is slaughtered in the world. Allameh Tabatabaei says that ” سَمِيًّا, Samiya” may mean the degree or level.
قَالَ رَبِّ أَنَّىٰ یَکُونُ لِی غُلَامٌ وَکَانَتِ امْرَأَتِی عَاقِرًا وَقَدْ بَلَغْتُ مِنَ الْکِبَرِ عِتِیًّا ﴿٨﴾
‘How shall I have a son, Lord’ he asked, ‘when my wife is barren, and I am advanced in age, dried out'(8)
In old age, a person dries out the moisture of his body and Prophet Zachariah (A) said: I have reached dryness with my age (I do not have semen) and My wife is also infertile. There are similarities between Prophet Zachariah (A) and Prophet Ibrahim (A). Both of their wives were infertile and had children in old age (Refer to Qosn Al-Fusus by M.M.Me’marian for more detail similarities).
Why was Prophet Zachariah surprised from the acceptance of his prayer and said that I am in old age and my wife also is infertile?
Whenever Prophet Zachariah (A) saw Lady Maryam (A), He saw some foods and fruits in the altar with her that was granted her directly from heaven. He said to himself, “It is good for me to ask for a child from God directly without intermediary. “There upon Zachariah supplicated to his Lord, saying: ‘Lord, grant me from You a good offspring. You hear all prayers’ : (Aal-i-Imran:38).
When God told him, ‘We will give it to you through you.’ He was surprised that how is it possible him and his wife are mediation for this child!
Prophet Jesus (A) and Prophet Yahya (A) both were cousins. They were born with miracle, one of them without father and the other with very old father and infertile mother. Both also did not marry.
قَالَ کَذَٰلِکَ قَالَ رَبُّکَ هُوَ عَلَیَّ هَیِّنٌ وَقَدْ خَلَقْتُکَ مِن قَبْلُ وَلَمْ تَکُ شَیْئًا ﴿٩﴾
He replied: ‘It shall be so’; your Lord says: “It is easy for Me, indeed, I created you before time when you were not a thing.” (9)
Because they were not a thing, they later became a thing. I created your origin from nothing, now I am unable to create anything from you?
Can God be called an object? Narration: “God is a thing but indeed He is the truth of thing”.
قَالَ رَبِّ اجْعَل لِّی آیَهً ۚ قَالَ آیَتُکَ أَلَّا تُکَلِّمَ النَّاسَ ثَلَاثَ لَیَالٍ سَوِیًّا ﴿١٠﴾
He (Zachariah) said: ‘Lord, make for me a sign’ He replied: ‘Your sign is that you shall not speak to people for three nights being without fault’ (10)
Here are two points! 1-Why did Prophet Zachariah (A) ask for a sign, but Lady Maryam did not? 2- Why his sign was “you shall not speak to people for three nights being without fault'”?
Because it was a call for Prophet Zachariah from a distance, he wanted to see if his revelation and intuition was correct or not? There are many degrees for intuitions. It is narrated that he recited the Psalms. He was able to pray, but he could not speak to people.
All praise is to God to the extent that He deserves it.